It's How You Wiggle Your Worm
By Jeremiah T. Bagwell
Arguably one of the most productive baits on
the planet is the plastic worm. Whether you fish it on a Texas Rig,
Carolina Rig, Drop Shot, Florida Rig or on a Split Shot Rig you can almost
always catch bass on a plastic worm. The plastic worm is a very simple
bait to learn to master and hopefully after reading this article you will
feel more comfortable and confident in your ability to produce a limit
while using it. Since this is designed to be a basic instructional guide
for the plastic worm I am only going to get into basic rigs and
The most popular rig used when fishing the plastic worm is the Texas Rig.
To use this rig you simply place a bullet weight on the line above 4/O
worm hook. (hook size will be dependant on the size of worm you are using)
The weight will slide freely on the line. Cast the worm towards some sort
of shoreline cover or structure and let it fall to the bottom. You will be
able to tell when it has reached the bottom when the line goes slack. Pay
close attention to the line as it falls because frequently the bass will
hit the worm as it descends. Once your bait is resting on the bottom, reel
up the slack line and give the tip a couple little twitches. If this does
not produce a strike begin to slowly hop the worm along the bottom or over
the structure you are fishing. It is not necessary to move the rod tip a
great deal to produce an effective movement of the worm. Generally I do
not move the rod more than 6 to 8 inches. Granted the amount of movement
needed will be determined by the type of area you are fishing. During your
retrieve it is very vital to pay attention to your line. Should the line
go slack all of the sudden chances are the worm is in the mouth of a bass.
It is also very common for the line to begin to move sideways. This occurs
when a bass picks up the bait and swims perpendicular to the direction of
your cast. Should this occur reel up any slack line and set the hook.
Almost anytime I fish a plastic worm it will be on a Texas Rig.
Another great technique is the Carolina Rig. Although a little more
technical than the Texas Rig it is still a relatively simple technique. To
create a Carolina Rig, place an egg sinker or a Carolina Rig weight on
your line. Like with the Texas Rig the weight should slide freely. Next
tie a swivel to the line under the weight. Once this is complete tie a 12
Ė 24 inch leader of lighter line to the bottom eye of the swivel. (The
length of your leader will be dependant on the area you are fishing) After
this is done you attach your worm hook to the end of the leader. Generally
I will use a smaller hook when fishing a Carolina Rig, most often a 2.5/O
Gamakatsu EWG worm hook. Casting this rig is a little more challenging
than with a Texas Rig because of the long leader but, with a little
practice it becomes second nature. The Carolina Rig is a very good method
of covering a lot of water. Most often I will use the Carolina Rig when
fishing main lake points or flats. Cast the worm to your desired target
and let it fall to the bottom. Reel up the slack line and begin your
retrieve by making short hops with the weight. You should be able to feel
the resistance created by the weight as you hop it off the bottom. After
each hop let the weight sit for a few seconds to enable the worm to fall
back towards the bottom. Each time your weight comes in contact with the
bottom slowly reel up any slack in the line. The way in which this rig is
designed allows the worms to have a more lifelike presentation because
there is virtually no resistance on the bait as it falls. Given the fact
that it is weightless the worm will fall at a much slower rate than your
weight will. When setting the hook while using a Carolina Rig reel up any
slack and make a sideways sweeping motion with the rod. I have found that
this technique has a greater hooking ration than simply setting the hook
by jerking the rod tip straight upward.
The Florida Rig is almost identical to the Texas Rig. The only difference
is the weight on the Florida Rig does not slide freely on the line.
Instead the weight has a small peg with a spring looking devise attached
to it. This spring is used to screw into the head of the plastic worm and
it will lock everything together. Although I am personally not a big fan
of this technique, there are several anglers that are and it is up to each
individual to determine their favorite methods.
As far as the Drop Shot Rig is concerned I feel that this is a more
advanced technique which is more difficult to properly learn. Due to this
belief I will write a more in depth description at a later date that will
deal exclusively with fishing the Drop Shot.
Now that you have learned the basics of the plastic worm itís time to go
out and give it a cast. Like with all techniques these will require you to
get comfortable and gain confidence in your ability to consistently catch
fish on a plastic worm. It just doesnít happen all at once so stick with
it and you wonít be disappointed.
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