Shop Outdoor Directory Guides and Outfitters Outdoor Activities Home Home
spacer
Home Activities Features Guides & Outfitters Outdoors Directory Corporate
3x10 spacer
 SECTIONS
Back to Survival
  
Introduction
Psychology of survival
Survival planning and survival kits
Basic survival medicine
Shelters
Water procurement
Firecraft
Food procurement
Survival use of plants
Poisonous plants
Dangerous animals
Field-expedient weapons, tools, and equipment
Desert survival
Terrain
Environmental factors
Need for water
Heat casualties
Precautions
Desert hazards
Tropical survival
Cold weather survival
Sea survival
Expedient water crossings
Field-expedient direction finding
Signaling techniques
Survival movement in hostile areas
Camouflage
Contact with people
Survival in man-made hazards
  
Appendixes
Survival kits
Edible and medicinal plants
Poisonous plants
Dangerous insects and arachnids
Poisonous snakes and lizards
Dangerous fish and mollusks
Clouds: foretellers of weather
Contingency plan of action format
Home / Outdoor Survival

OUTDOOR SURVIVAL

Desert Survival: Heat Casualties

Your chances of becoming a heat casualty as a survivor are great, due to injury, stress, and lack of critical items of equipment. Following are the major types of heat casualties and their treatment when little water and no medical help are available.

Heat Cramps

The loss of salt due to excessive sweating causes heat cramps. Symptoms are moderate to severe muscle cramps in legs, arms, or abdomen. These symptoms may start as a mild muscular discomfort. You should now stop all activity, get in the shade, and drink water. If you fail to recognize the early symptoms and continue your physical activity, you will have severe muscle cramps and pain. Treat as for heat exhaustion, below.

Heat Exhaustion

A large loss of body water and salt causes heat exhaustion. Symptoms are headache, mental confusion, irritability, excessive sweating, weakness, dizziness, cramps, and pale, moist, cold (clammy) skin. Immediately get the patient under shade. Make him lie on a stretcher or similar item about 45 centimeters off the ground. Loosen his clothing. Sprinkle him with water and fan him. Have him drink small amounts of water every 3 minutes. Ensure he stays quiet and rests.

Heat Stroke

A severe heat injury caused by extreme loss of water and salt and the body's inability to cool itself. The patient may die if not cooled immediately. Symptoms are the lack of sweat, hot and dry skin, headache, dizziness, fast pulse, nausea and vomiting, and mental confusion leading to unconsciousness. Immediately get the person to shade. Lay him on a stretcher or similar item about 45 centimeters off the ground. Loosen his clothing. Pour water on him (it does not matter if the water is polluted or brackish) and fan him. Massage his arms, legs, and body. If he regains consciousness, let him drink small amounts of water every 3 minutes.


Desert survival
Terrain | Environmental factors | Need for water | Heat casualties | Precautions | Desert hazards

 

 Survival and Preparedness Sites



  
 Survival & Shooting News
Bigfishtackle.com


1 pixel spacer
Top of Page TOP OF PAGE


Copyright © 1996-2012 First Light Net All rights reserved.
Duplication in whole or in part of this Web site without express written consent is prohibited.
First Light Net, a trademark of Predatorial Advertising Associates, L.L.C. is the leader in online marketing and
advertising for one of the largest online networks of fishing, hunting, sports and outdoors related websites.
For problems or questions contact webmaster@firstlightnet.com

Big Fish Tackle Top Fishing Sites